- Unreported Judgment
- Appeal Determined (QCA)
SUPREME COURT OF QUEENSLAND
Parbery & Ors v QNI Metals Pty Ltd & Ors  QSC 125
STEPHEN JAMES PARBERY AND MICHAEL ANDREW OWEN IN THEIR CAPACITIES AS LIQUIDATORS OF QUEENSLAND NICKEL PTY LTD (IN LIQ)
ACN 009 842 068
QUEENSLAND NICKEL PTY LTD (IN LIQ)
ACN 009 842 068
JOHN RICHARD PARK, KELLY-ANNE LAVINA TRENFIELD & QUENTIN JAMES OLDE AS LIQUIDATORS OF QUEENSLAND NICKEL PTY LTD (IN LIQUIDATION)
ACN 009 842 068
QNI METALS PTY LTD
ACN 066 656 175
QNI RESOURCES PTY LTD
ACN 054 117 921
QUEENSLAND NICKEL SALES PTY LTD
ACN 009 872 566
CLIVE FREDERICK PALMER
CLIVE THEODORE MENSINK
IAN MAURICE FERGUSON
MINERALOGY PTY LTD
ACN 010 582 680
PALMER LEISURE AUSTRALIA PTY LTD
ACN 152 386 617
PALMER LEISURE COOLUM PTY LTD
ACN 146 828 122
FAIRWAY COAL PTY LTD
ACN 127 220 642
CART PROVIDER PTY LTD
ACN 119 455 837
COEUR DE LION INVESTMENTS PTY LTD
ACN 006 334 872
COEUR DE LION HOLDINGS PTY LTD
ACN 003 209 934
CLOSERIDGE PTY LTD
ACN 010 560 157
WARATAH COAL PTY LTD
ACN 114 165 669
CHINA FIRST PTY LTD
ACN 135 588 411
COLD MOUNTAIN STUD PTY LTD
ACN 119 455 248
ALEXANDER GUEORGUIEV SOKOLOV
SCI LE COEUR DE L’OCEAN
MARCUS WILLIAM AYRES
(first defendant added by counterclaim)
(second defendant added by counterclaim)
SC No 6593 of 2017
DELIVERED EX TEMPORE ON:
25 May 2018
25 May 2018
The application is dismissed.
PROCEDURE – CIVIL PROCEEDINGS IN STATE AND TERRITORY COURTS – JUDGMENTS AND ORDERS – GENERALLY – where judgment delivered on an interlocutory application in a proceeding – where judgment imposed freezing orders on certain defendants in the proceeding – where defendants applied for a 21-day interim stay of the orders to provide time to consider the reasons for judgment pending a full application for a stay pending appeal – whether the undertakings offered by the defendants constituted a sufficient change in circumstances – whether the calculus of the interests of justice has changed following the delivery of judgment – whether the interests of justice justify an interim stay
T Sullivan QC for the plaintiffs
K A Barlow QC for the eighth to fourteenth defendants
D O’Sullivan QC for the first, second, fourth, seventh, fifteenth and sixteenth defendants
King & Wood Mallesons for the plaintiffs
Robinson Neilson for the eighth to fourteenth defendants
Alexander Law for the first, second, fourth, seventh, fifteenth and sixteenth defendants
HIS HONOUR: I published a judgment today, making orders in effect granting freezing orders on the application of the plaintiffs in this consolidated proceeding. In referring to “plaintiffs”, I intend to use that term in the same way as it is defined in the reasons for that judgment.
The operation of that part of the orders which I made today, which required the provision of information within a timeframe, namely orders 16 and 17, was by consent stayed until further order, because senior counsel for some of the defendants submitted that he had not been accorded a proper opportunity to make submissions on that question. The stay of that aspect of the orders will give the parties an opportunity to look into that question.
A more complicated issue concerns an application for an interim stay of the operation of the remaining parts of the order.
Immediately after I published my reasons for judgment this afternoon, submissions were made by senior counsel on behalf of the defendants that I should stay the operation of the order – at that stage, the differential treatment in respect of orders 16 and 17 had not been identified, but that does not matter – for a period of 21 days to give the defendants an opportunity to consider my reasons and to argue a full application for stay pending appeal.
After a brief adjournment, which permitted the defendants to obtain instructions from Mr Palmer, it was proposed by senior counsel that the interim 21-day stay would be sought on certain offered undertakings.
The principal elements of the proposal senior counsel put were as follows:
- The undertakings recorded on items 1 and 2 of annexure C to my published reasons for judgment, given on behalf of QNI Metals, QNI Resources, Waratah Coal and China First, would continue up until 4 June 2018.
- Mineralogy would undertake that it would pay the sum of $200 million into a joint bank account in the name of both the solicitors for the plaintiffs and Mineralogy, to be invested as agreed in writing or as directed, such payment to be made by 4 June 2018, and the funds including accretions to be held in the account pending the application for stay pending appeal, and if that application was successful pending the appeal.
- If the application for stay pending appeal by me was rejected, then the monies would be paid back out to Mineralogy.
- Whilst held in the account proposed, the funds would be available to satisfy judgment against any of the defendants against whom orders were made, consequent upon my judgment.
However, no sooner were those undertakings offered than senior counsel was provided with changed instructions from Mr Palmer and the offer was withdrawn. The explanation made was that Mr Palmer, after having given the instructions, decided that he should get accounting advice, and, until he obtained that accounting advice, decided to withdraw the offer and to provide new instructions to senior counsel accordingly. The result was that the proposed undertakings were withdrawn.
Thus the application before me is an oral application that I should make an order staying the operation of the orders I have made (apart from orders 16 and 17, which will be dealt with in a different way as I have already indicated) for 21 days from today upon the undertakings recorded in items 1 and 2 of annexure C to my reasons for judgment.
Unsurprisingly, given the fact that my reasons for judgment extend over some 103 pages, the applicants have not this afternoon had an opportunity to examine my reasons to identify arguable error. Part of their reasons for seeking a 21-day interim stay is to permit them to do so. They contend that I should form the view that the interests of justice favours the stay on the undertakings offered because:
- The stay sought is relatively short.
- I should form the view that the potential prejudice to the successful plaintiffs is low.
- The undertakings that they had offered had, in fact, proved a sufficient basis to preserve the status quo during the course of the application up until today, the course of the application being that which is described in paragraph 11 of the reasons for judgment, and they submitted there is no reason to think that anything has changed which would make the undertakings any less sufficient. In particular, they point to the absence of any changed circumstance as a reason to form that view.
- Finally, they contend that I should assess the risk of the defendants, and in particular Mr Palmer, doing anything adverse to be insufficiently high to warrant not granting the stay. When I say “adverse”, I mean adverse to the protection in respect of which the successful plaintiffs are legitimately interested.
Senior counsel for the successful plaintiffs contends that, now that there has been a judgment, the calculus of the interests of justice has altered from that which applied before I had published my reasons. He points out that I had made an order affecting Mr Palmer, and without offering anything in return to safeguard the plaintiffs against the risk which I have obviously thought warranted an order, the effect of the application is Mr Palmer simply asking to be excused from the operation of the order for a 21-day period.
I think that submission is correct.
My orders reflect my having formed the view that there was sufficient risk to warrant the making of the orders, notwithstanding the impact that the making of the orders might have on the defendants. That creates legal rights and advantages for the plaintiffs who have succeeded in front of me. It seems to me it would be unfair to the plaintiffs who have obtained that advantage to deprive them of the protection which I had concluded was warranted, for any period at all, without there being a changed circumstance. The most obvious changed circumstance which might persuade a judge in my position to alter the immediate operation of the orders would be something which offered an analogous protection.
If the initial proposed undertakings had not been withdrawn, then an issue would have been whether the protection offered by those undertakings was sufficient, but at least that would have been something which I could balance in the scales to consider whether it was inappropriate to deprive the plaintiffs of the fruits of their success.
I hasten to add that this is not a case where appeal rights would be rendered nugatory by the refusal of a stay.
Logically, the changed calculus is such that if my assessment of risk is right, then the risk would be increased by a respondent knowing that I had actually formed the views I have.
I am not persuaded, given the nature of the proposed undertakings, that the interests of justice support the making of the stay that has been sought of me. I dismiss the application.
- Published Case Name:
Parbery & Ors v QNI Metals Pty Ltd & Ors
- Shortened Case Name:
Parbery v QNI Metals Pty Ltd (No 2)
 QSC 125
25 May 2018
|Event||Citation or File||Date||Notes|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 231||17 Oct 2017||Application by defendant Mr Palmer for Bond J to recuse himself; application for an adjournment of the plaintiffs' application for a freezing order; both applications dismissed: Bond J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 125||25 May 2018||Application to stay orders made in  QSC 107 for 21 days dismissed, save for orders 16 and 17 which are stayed until further order: Bond J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 107||25 May 2018||Upon undertakings made by the Commonwealth, and the special purpose liquidators, freezing orders made with respect to the first, second, fourth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, fourteenth and fifteenth defendants: Bond J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 141||11 Jun 2018||Stay of operation of orders 16 and 17 ordered 25 May 2018 discharged; order 16 set aside and in lieu thereof order that each defendant must swear an affidavit setting out their assets and details about those assets: Bond J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 176||27 Jul 2018||Defendants' agitation that nothing should be determined until a proposed recusal application heard and determined rejected: Bond J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 177||27 Jul 2018||Plaintiffs' application for disclosure adjourned to 3 August 2018: Bond J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 178||03 Aug 2018||Defendants' application for a stay of orders dismissed: Bond J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 180||03 Aug 2018||Plaintiffs' application for disclosure granted: Bond J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 213||17 Sep 2018||Application that Bond J recuse himself granted; proceedings transferred to Jackson J and other ancillary orders: Bond J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 240||22 Oct 2018||Defendants' application (except the fourth, twentieth and twenty-first defendants) for leave to proceed with the counterclaim dismissed (except counterclaim not struck through); plaintiffs' application for defence and counterclaim to be struck out granted with leave; defendants' application for strike-out of the consolidated statement of claim allowed in part; hearing adjourned to a date to be fixed; costs reserved: Jackson J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 245||26 Oct 2018||Defendants' applications for recusal of Jackson J filed 19 October 2018 commence instanter; applications for recusal of Jackson J be adjourned to 1 November 2018 and ancillary directions: Jackson J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 249||05 Nov 2018||Application that Jackson J recuse himself from hearing the trial of the proceeding granted on the ground of apprehended bias (dismissed on the ground of actual bias); application that Jackson J recuse himself from taking any further part in the proceeding, including any interlocutory applications, dismissed: Jackson J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 276||21 Nov 2018||Defendants' applications to vacate orders made in  QSC 176 and  QSC 180 dismissed in substance; extended times for directions for discovery and evidence made: Jackson J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 48||11 Mar 2019||Defendants' application to increases the scope of disclosure and for extensions of time for the delivery of lay and expert evidence dismissed: Jackson J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 207||23 Aug 2019||First, second, seventh, fifteenth, sixteenth and twenty-second defendants' application for either a permanent stay of this proceeding as an abuse of the process of the court or a stay pending the final determination of proceeding BS13947/18: application dismissed: Mullins J.|
|Primary Judgment|| QSC 143||03 Jun 2020||Plaintiffs' claims against the seventh defendant, Mineralogy Pty Ltd, to recover alleged funds loaned from Queensland Nickel Pty Ltd to Mineralogy Pty Ltd dismissed; declared that various transactions entered into by Queensland Nickel Pty Ltd are voidable under s 558FE of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) (as uncommercial transactions) together with declaratory relief that the transactions are void ab initio: Mullins J.|
|QCA Interlocutory Judgment|| QCA 139||26 Jun 2018||Fourth defendant's application to stay orders made in  QSC 107 allowed in part and otherwise dismissed: Gotterson JA.|
|QCA Interlocutory Judgment|| QCA 287||23 Oct 2018||Application for a stay of the orders made by Bond J in  QSC 180 dismissed: Philippides JA.|
|Notice of Appeal Filed||File Number: Appeal 11834/17||10 Nov 2017||Appeal from  QSC 231|
|Notice of Appeal Filed||File Number: Appeal 7119/20||30 Jun 2020||Appeal from  QSC 143.|
|Appeal Discontinued (QCA)||File Number: Appeal 11834/17||22 Feb 2018||Appeal from  QSC 231 dismissed by consent.|
|Appeal Determined (QCA)|| QCA 268||12 Oct 2018||Costs judgment from fourth defendant's application to stay certain orders ( QSC 176;  QSC 178) that was earlier dismissed (after having been abandoned one day prior): Morrison JA.|
|Appeal Determined (QCA)|| QCA 302||05 Nov 2018||Appeals from  QSC 178 and  QSC 213 dismissed with costs: Fraser and Gotterson JJA and Boddice J.|
|Appeal Determined (QCA)|| QCA 324||20 Nov 2018||Costs judgment from defendants' application to stay certain orders  QSC 125 that was earlier dismissed by consent: Gotterson JA.|
|Appeal Determined (QCA)|| QCA 27||22 Feb 2019||Appeals from  QSC 107 (freezing orders) dismissed: Fraser and Gotterson and McMurdo JJA.|