Loading...
Queensland Judgments

beta

Authorised Reports & Unreported Judgments
Exit Distraction Free Reading Mode
  • Unreported Judgment
  • {solid} Appeal Determined (QCA)

Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Managed Investments Ltd (No 2)

 

[2012] QSC 72

 

SUPREME COURT OF QUEENSLAND

 

PARTIES:

AUSTRALIAN SECURITIES AND INVESTMENTS COMMISSION
(plaintiff)
v
ACN 101 634 146 (in liq)
(first defendant)

MICHAEL CHRISTODOULOU KING

(fourth defendant)

GUY HUTCHINGS

(fifth defendant)

CRAIG ROBERT WHITE

(sixth defendant)

DAVID MARK ANDERSON

(seventh defendant)

MARILYN WATTS

(eighth defendant)

FILE NO:

DIVISION:

Trial 

PROCEEDING:

DELIVERED ON:

16 March 2012

DELIVERED AT:

Brisbane 

HEARING DATE:

16 March 2012

JUDGE:

Fryberg J

ORDERS:

The plaintiff have leave to proceed against the first respondent.

CATCHWORDS:

Corporations – Winding up – Conduct and incidents of winding up – Proceedings by or against the company – Leave to proceed – When leave granted

Corporations Act 2001, s 471B  

Haviland v Joslow (No 4) Pty Ltd [1979] 2 NSWLR 318

COUNSEL:

DMB Derham QC and MT Brady for the plaintiff

T F Ritchie (solicitor) for the first defendant

SOLICITORS:

Corrs Chambers Westgarth for the plaintiff

McCullough Robertson for the first defendant 

HIS HONOUR:  ASIC has commenced proceedings against a company and a number of its directors alleging breaches of the provisions of the Corporations Act relating to managed investment funds.  In particular it seeks against the company a declaration that the company has in various ways contravened the Act, an order for payment of a pecuniary penalty by the company and an order for the payment of compensation for damage suffered by a particular fund to which I will describe as PIF. 

 

The action was commenced over two years ago and has proceeded slowly.  The statement of claim has reached its fourth incarnation and hopefully its last.  Delivery of defences to that statement of claim has been deferred while a decision is made by the Court in relation to claims for privilege by the directors who are also defendants in the proceedings.  Notwithstanding that, disclosure of documents by ASIC has substantially been completed.  No disclosure is expected from the individual defendants, but the company will be obliged to give disclosure, it not being entitled to claim privilege. 

 

Earlier this year the company went into liquidation.  ASIC now seeks leave to proceed against it in the action.  The only question which has concerned me is the utility of granting leave.  In Haviland v. Joslow (No 4) Pty Ltd Justice Needham said:  

 

"It has commonly been accepted as a principle in the application of [the then] section 263(2) and its equivalent in a winding up by the Court that the Court ought not grant leave to proceed or leave to commence proceedings against a company after winding up if it appears that there is no possibility that the company, should a verdict be given against it, would be able to meet any part of the verdict.  The basis of this principle is that the Court should not give its imprimatur to fruitless proceedings which can only involve a waste of public time and money."

 

It seems to me that insofar as the present application is concerned that dictum has application to the second and third classes of claim made by ASIC against the company.  The evidence shows that the company has, according to the directors, a little over $70,000‑odd of assets and some $46,000 of liabilities.  However, the directors have not taken into account the multimillion dollar claim by PIF.  At this stage, the company only having recently been wound up, proofs of evidence have not been submitted, so one must assume that PIF will in due course make a claim for the $147.5 million alleged to have been extracted from it.  If that claim succeeds there will be no return of any significance to any creditor.  On the other hand, if it fails the unsecured creditors will be paid in full. 

 

Against this ASIC submits there is utility because pecuniary penalty orders and compensation orders are not the only relief sought.  The declaration is of a different order.  It is submitted that the making of a declaration is in the public interest. 

 

I am extremely doubtful about that proposition, particularly when such a declaration will be made if the case succeeds against the individual directors.  Mr Brady for the applicant ASIC submits that a public vindication of the position as against the company is important and is easier to prove than the cases against the directors of being knowingly concerned.  There is some force in that submission. 

 

He also points out that the privilege which the directors can claim against proceedings for a penalty is not attracted by the company and that therefore the company will be obliged to disclose its documents when the stage for that is reached.  Whether the company has any documents is not in evidence.  One wonders whether, if the conduct of the directors has been as ASIC alleges, any documents of significance will be obtained.  However, I need not examine that.  There have been proceedings by way of examination of the directors and no doubt ASIC is familiar with what documents are around. 

 

Mr Brady submitted that the making of a declaration and the ordering of a pecuniary penalty against the company would serve as a general deterrent.  With the utmost respect to Mr Brady I think the prospects of that occurring are negligible.  I cannot see that directors of other companies in the future would be in the slightest bit deterred by the fact that a declaration and a pecuniary penalty order were made against an insolvent company which had no prospects of paying and which lost nothing from having the declaration made.  There is no gain from the declaration except perhaps to ASIC's standing in the perception of the public as an active efficient and energetic pursuer of evil corporate doers.  That is no doubt something to be encouraged, but it may not outweigh the interests of the unsecured creditors.  More important, I think, is the point about disclosure of documents and the fact that the company does not have the capacity to claim privilege. 

 

When looked at in the light of the fact that proof against the company is easier than proof against the directors, I am persuaded by a narrow margin that the leave should be granted.  The balance, I might say, is close.  There is not much benefit to anyone in this, but since the litigation is going to go ahead and in particular since the liquidators do not oppose the order, I am content on the evidence to make it. 

Close

Editorial Notes

  • Published Case Name:

    ASIC v Managed Investments Ltd and Ors No.2

  • Shortened Case Name:

    Australian Securities and Investments Commission v Managed Investments Ltd (No 2)

  • MNC:

    [2012] QSC 72

  • Court:

    QSC

  • Judge(s):

    Fryberg J

  • Date:

    16 Mar 2012

Litigation History

Event Citation or File Date Notes
Primary Judgment [2012] QSC 59 21 Feb 2012 Objection by the seventh defendant to the use of an affidavit annexing affidavits from other proceedings overruled: Fryberg J.
Primary Judgment [2012] QSC 72 16 Mar 2012 Plaintiff's application for leave to proceed against the first defendant (a company in liquidation) granted: Fryberg J.
Primary Judgment [2012] QSC 74 28 Mar 2012 Certain paragraphs of defences struck out and directions made that fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth defendants to comply with UCPR pleading regime: Fryberg J.
Primary Judgment [2013] QSC 15 29 Jan 2013 Plaintiff's application for summary judgment against the first defendant refused; fifth defendant's application seeking to restrain plaintiff from obtaining summary judgment against first defendant refused: Fryberg J.
Primary Judgment [2013] QSC 280 17 Oct 2013 Declaration that notices to the fourth to eighth defendants given by the plaintiff pursuant to s 79(1) of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act (Cth) are invalid: Douglas J.
Primary Judgment [2013] QSC 313 11 Nov 2013 Applications to stay trial until determination of New Zealand prosecutions refused: Fryberg J.
Primary Judgment [2013] QSC 355 28 Nov 2013 Direction made that a witness answer a question: Douglas J.
Primary Judgment [2014] QSC 72 [2015] 2 Qd R 32 22 Apr 2014 Determination as to the use to which an affidavit may be put without the deponent being cross-examined in relation to it: Douglas J.
Primary Judgment [2014] QSC 204 07 Aug 2014 Determination made that witness not permitted to be cross-examined by being shown his answer to a question in an examination of him pursuant to s 597 of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) where he had claimed privilege against self-incrimination in that examination: Douglas J.
Primary Judgment [2016] QSC 109 23 May 2016 Primary judgment: defendants' found to have contravened ss 601FC and 601FD of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth): Douglas J.
Primary Judgment [2017] QSC 96 26 May 2017 Declaratory relief ordered; fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth defendants ordered to pay pecuniary penalties and compensation; fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth defendants disqualified from managing any corporation; costs orders made against fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth defendants: Douglas J.
Notice of Appeal Filed File Number: Appeals 6281/17; 6289/17; 6306/17; 6319/17; 6320/17 23 Jun 2017 Appeals from [2016] QSC 109 and [2017] QSC 96.
Appeal Determined (QCA) [2012] QCA 301 [2013] 2 Qd R 401 02 Nov 2012 Appeal from [2012] QSC 74 allowed; each of the fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth defendants to be partly excused from compliance with the UCPR pleading regime: Holmes and White JJA and McMurdo J.
Appeal Determined (QCA) [2013] QCA 88 19 Apr 2013 Application by Australian Securities and Investments Commission to vary costs order in [2012] QCA 301 refused: Holmes and White JJA and McMurdo J.
Appeal Determined (QCA) [2013] QCA 357 03 Dec 2013 Appeal from [2013] QSC 313 (refusal of application to stay proceedings) dismissed: Muir and Gotterson JJA and Applegarth J.
Appeal Determined (QCA) [2018] QCA 352 18 Dec 2018 Appeals from [2016] QSC 109 and [2017] QSC 96. All appeals (and cross-appeals by ASIC) dismissed save for Appeal 6320/17 whereby appealed allowed in part with respect to the conclusion that Mr King was an officer and therefore Mr King's appeal allowed to the extent that he contravened the duties prescribed by s 601FD of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth): Morrison and McMurdo JJA and Applegarth J.

Appeal Status

{solid} Appeal Determined (QCA)