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QNI Metals Pty Ltd v Parbery[2018] QCA 287

QNI Metals Pty Ltd v Parbery[2018] QCA 287



Appeal No 9296 of 2018

SC No 6593 of 2017

QNI METALS PTY LTD First Applicant

ACN 066 656 175

QNI Resources Pty Ltd Second Applicant

ACN 054 117 921


ACN 009 872 566




Mineralogy Pty Ltd Seventh Applicant

ACN 010 582 680

Palmer Leisure Australia Pty Ltd Eighth Applicant

ACN 152 386 617

Palmer Leisure Coolum Pty Ltd Ninth Applicant

ACN 146 828 122

Fairway Coal Pty Ltd Tenth Applicant

ACN 127 220 642

Cart Provider Pty Ltd Eleventh Applicant

ACN 119 455 837

Coeur De Lion Investments Pty LIMITED Twelfth Applicant

ACN 006 334 872

Coeur De Lion Holdings Pty Ltd Thirteenth Applicant

ACN 003 209 934

Closeridge Pty Ltd Fourteenth Applicant

ACN 010 560 157

WARATAH COAL PTY LTD Fifteenth Applicant

ACN 114 165 669

CHINA FIRST PTY LTD Sixteenth Applicant

ACN 135 588 411

COLD MOUNTAIN STUD PTY LTD Seventeenth Applicant

ACN 119 455 248

EVGENIA BEDNOVA Eighteenth Applicant


DOMENIC MARTINO Twentieth Applicant






ACN 009 842 068



ACN 009 842 068





ACN 009 842 068




PHILIPPIDES JA:  This application is brought for stay orders and in the alternative for injunctive relief in relation to orders made on 3 August 2018 by the primary judge, Bond J.  The appeal, in relation to which the application arises, is set down for hearing on the 5th of November 2018; however, the stay application is pursued in the interim.

By way of background, the primary judge made freezing orders in the principal proceeding in respect of certain appellants on 25 May 2018.  The matter was listed for case management on the 27th of July 2018.  The orders made on that occasion are not the subject of the present application or appeal.  The present application is confined to orders made on 3 August 2018, which essentially were case management directions that the trial of the proceeding commence on 29 April 2019, disclosure directions, and directions for the progress of the matter in accordance with standard case management directions.

The applicant contends that, while ordinarily a Court is reluctant to stay proceedings to allow an appeal against an interlocutory matter where the effect of the stay would be to delay the hearing of the proceedings below, in the present situation the circumstances warrant the making of a stay order or, at least, injunctions restraining the progress of the matter below.

The relevant factors to be taken into account in determining a stay application are uncontroversial.  One consideration is whether there is a good arguable case on the appeal.  In the circumstances of the present case, I do not consider that it can be said that there is a good arguable case on the appeal.  The basis of the applicants’ contentions are that findings as to credit made in the course of the freezing orders judgment are such that the primary judge could not be considered to be able to bring an impartial mind to bear in making the orders of 3 August 2018.

There is a great difficulty with the argument.  It was identified by the primary judge and it is as follows: that there is no logical connection between the contention of apprehended bias and the making of the standard case management orders that were made on 3 August 2018.

It should be said that there is no allegation or contention of actual bias is to be considered in this application.  The applicants’ counsel seized on the wording in the judgment, and in particular the word “believed”, as being of great importance.  However, I am unable to see that that is the case.  The applicants made no submissions in relation to the nature of the procedural directions made on 3 August 2018 when invited to do so by Bond J.  The directions were of a purely standard procedural nature and no issue of belief or credit of any appellant arose.

There is another difficulty which the applicants face, and that is that, contrary to the argument put forward, it is apparent that the appeal in this matter will not be rendered nugatory if a stay or injunctive relief is not granted.  That is because there is presently a review listed for hearing this Friday, 26 October 2018.  The case management directions that were made are not set in concrete; they are able to be varied and modified.  That is a not-infrequent occurrence in relation to matters listed for review on the commercial list.  There will be an opportunity on the 26th for any arguments as to the varying of the directions made on 3 August to be ventilated, and indeed there are matters which the applicants seek to have determined on that date.

There are strong reasons going to the administration of justice which also favour the dismissal of the application.  It is important that proceedings are progressed in an orderly and expeditious fashion.  This is to the advantage of both parties.  If, as the applicants propose, the balance between the competing disadvantages of the parties as to the making of a stay order is struck by allowing the respondent’s liberty to continue to comply with the orders of 3 August but dispensating the applicants from compliance, this will result in only one side progressing the matter.  That would not be in the interests of justice.

I note the submission made by the applicants concerning the decision in relation to the stay application in the related appeal.  I consider that, irrespective of what was said in that application, there remains a fundamental difficulty which the appellants will be required to deal with on the appeal in this matter and which goes both to the heart of the appeal and to the issue of prospects of success of this application.  As I have mentioned, that concerns the absence of any logical connection between the apprehended bias arguments arising from credit findings made by the primary judge and the quite distinct matter of the making of uncontroversial and standard procedural orders.  In those circumstances, the application is dismissed.

PHILIPPIDES JA:  I have heard the parties on the question of costs.  The basis on which indemnity costs is ordered is well known.  In the present case, as counsel properly conceded, where an unarguable case is ventilated, the lack of merit may be the basis of an award for indemnity costs on the basis that the argument ought never to have been ventilated.  In my view, this is such a case.  The crux of the matter, as I have mentioned, goes to the lack of connection between the argument of apprehended bias and the submission that the directions of 3 August 2018 are able to be impugned.  As I stated, there is no basis demonstrated for such a conclusion being maintainable and that is a significant matter in determining that an order of indemnity costs is warranted.

Now, the order of the Court will be that:

  1. (1)
    the application is dismissed; and
  2. (2)
    the applicants pay the respondent’s costs of and incidental to the application on the indemnity basis.

Is there anything further, gentlemen?

MR BYRNE:  No, your Honour.

MR BUTLER:  No, your Honour.  Your Honour, would it assist if my instructors prepared an order to send to your Associate?

PHILIPPIDES JA:  Yes.  Yes.  And would the – you will obviously show your learned friend the draft.

MR BUTLER:  Yes, indeed.

PHILIPPIDES JA:  Perhaps if you initial it and have that sent to my Associate.

MR BUTLER:  Yes.  Of course, your Honour.

PHILIPPIDES JA:  Thank you.  Adjourn the Court.


Editorial Notes

  • Published Case Name:

    QNI Metals Pty Ltd & Ors v Stephen James Parbery and Michael Andrew Owen in their capacities as liquidators of Queensland Nickel Pty Ltd (Controller Appointed) (In Liq) & Ors

  • Shortened Case Name:

    QNI Metals Pty Ltd v Parbery

  • MNC:

    [2018] QCA 287

  • Court:


  • Judge(s):

    Philippides JA

  • Date:

    23 Oct 2018

Litigation History

EventCitation or FileDateNotes
Primary Judgment[2017] QSC 23117 Oct 2017Application by defendant Mr Palmer for Bond J to recuse himself; application for an adjournment of the plaintiffs' application for a freezing order; both applications dismissed: Bond J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 10725 May 2018Upon undertakings made by the Commonwealth, and the special purpose liquidators, freezing orders made with respect to the first, second, fourth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, fourteenth and fifteenth defendants: Bond J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 12525 May 2018Application to stay orders made in [2018] QSC 107 for 21 days dismissed, save for orders 16 and 17 which are stayed until further order: Bond J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 14111 Jun 2018Stay of operation of orders 16 and 17 ordered 25 May 2018 discharged; order 16 set aside and in lieu thereof order that each defendant must swear an affidavit setting out their assets and details about those assets: Bond J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 17627 Jul 2018Defendants' agitation that nothing should be determined until a proposed recusal application heard and determined rejected: Bond J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 17727 Jul 2018Plaintiffs' application for disclosure adjourned to 3 August 2018: Bond J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 17803 Aug 2018Defendants' application for a stay of orders dismissed: Bond J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 18003 Aug 2018Plaintiffs' application for disclosure granted: Bond J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 21317 Sep 2018Application that Bond J recuse himself granted; proceedings transferred to Jackson J and other ancillary orders: Bond J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 24022 Oct 2018Defendants' application (except the fourth, twentieth and twenty-first defendants) for leave to proceed with the counterclaim dismissed (except counterclaim not struck through); plaintiffs' application for defence and counterclaim to be struck out granted with leave; defendants' application for strike-out of the consolidated statement of claim allowed in part; hearing adjourned to a date to be fixed; costs reserved: Jackson J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 24526 Oct 2018Defendants' applications for recusal of Jackson J filed 19 October 2018 commence instanter; applications for recusal of Jackson J be adjourned to 1 November 2018 and ancillary directions: Jackson J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 24905 Nov 2018Application that Jackson J recuse himself from hearing the trial of the proceeding granted on the ground of apprehended bias (dismissed on the ground of actual bias); application that Jackson J recuse himself from taking any further part in the proceeding, including any interlocutory applications, dismissed: Jackson J.
Primary Judgment[2018] QSC 27621 Nov 2018Defendants' applications to vacate orders made in [2018] QSC 176 and [2018] QSC 180 dismissed in substance; extended times for directions for discovery and evidence made: Jackson J.
Primary Judgment[2019] QSC 4811 Mar 2019Defendants' application to increases the scope of disclosure and for extensions of time for the delivery of lay and expert evidence dismissed: Jackson J.
Primary Judgment[2019] QSC 20723 Aug 2019First, second, seventh, fifteenth, sixteenth and twenty-second defendants' application for either a permanent stay of this proceeding as an abuse of the process of the court or a stay pending the final determination of proceeding BS13947/18: application dismissed: Mullins J.
Primary Judgment[2020] QSC 14303 Jun 2020Plaintiffs' claims against the seventh defendant, Mineralogy Pty Ltd, to recover alleged funds loaned from Queensland Nickel Pty Ltd to Mineralogy Pty Ltd dismissed; declared that various transactions entered into by Queensland Nickel Pty Ltd are voidable under s 558FE of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) (as uncommercial transactions) together with declaratory relief that the transactions are void ab initio: Mullins J.
QCA Interlocutory Judgment[2018] QCA 13926 Jun 2018Fourth defendant's application to stay orders made in [2018] QSC 107 allowed in part and otherwise dismissed: Gotterson JA.
QCA Interlocutory Judgment[2018] QCA 28723 Oct 2018Application for a stay of the orders made by Bond J in [2018] QSC 180 dismissed: Philippides JA.
Notice of Appeal FiledFile Number: Appeal 11834/1710 Nov 2017Appeal from [2017] QSC 231
Notice of Appeal FiledFile Number: Appeal 7119/2030 Jun 2020Appeal from [2020] QSC 143.
Appeal Discontinued (QCA)File Number: Appeal 11834/1722 Feb 2018Appeal from [2017] QSC 231 dismissed by consent.
Appeal Determined (QCA)[2018] QCA 26812 Oct 2018Costs judgment from fourth defendant's application to stay certain orders ([2018] QSC 176; [2018] QSC 178) that was earlier dismissed (after having been abandoned one day prior): Morrison JA.
Appeal Determined (QCA)[2018] QCA 30205 Nov 2018Appeals from [2018] QSC 178 and [2018] QSC 213 dismissed with costs: Fraser and Gotterson JJA and Boddice J.
Appeal Determined (QCA)[2018] QCA 32420 Nov 2018Costs judgment from defendants' application to stay certain orders [2018] QSC 125 that was earlier dismissed by consent: Gotterson JA.
Appeal Determined (QCA)[2019] QCA 2722 Feb 2019Appeals from [2018] QSC 107 (freezing orders) dismissed: Fraser and Gotterson and McMurdo JJA.

Appeal Status

Appeal Determined (QCA)

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